“996”加班文化惊动外媒,外国网友也积极加入声讨大军

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近日,一名中国程序员在代码托管平台Github上发起的“996.ICU”项目引发了一阵舆论海啸。该项目意在炮轰互联网工作人员“上班996,住院ICU”的现象。许多参与讨论的业界大佬也被卷入舆论风波,其中就包括了阿里巴巴集团创始人马云。而中国互联网大咖这波关于“996”的讨论也引起了不少外媒的关注。

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(Via Reuters)

4月11日,马云在阿里巴巴内部交流时表达了自己对“996”的看法:“今天中国BAT这些公司能够‘996’,我认为是我们这些人修来的福报。”这番言论一出,激起众多反对声音,同时把对“996工作制”的讨论推向了高潮。随后,马云又在周五和周日发表微博长文进一步阐释他对加班文化的看法,从而引发网友的热烈讨论和批评。

而中国的加班文化和中国互联网大佬的个人观点也引起了外媒的关注。

Jack Ma, founder of e-commerce giant Alibaba, has spoken out on social media in recent days in support of the Chinese work practice known as "996." The number refers to working from 9 am to 9 pm six days a week and is said to be common among the country's big technology companies and start-ups.电子商务巨头阿里巴巴创始人马云近日在社交媒体上公开支持被称作“996”的中国加班文化。“996”这三个数字代表从早上9点开始工作到晚上9点,一周工作6天的加班现象。据说,这种加班现象在中国的大型科技公司和创业公司非常普遍。"If we find things we like, 996 is not a problem," Ma said in a blog post Sunday on Chinese social media site Weibo. "If you don't like [your work], every minute is torture," he added.“找到喜欢的事,不存在996这个问题,”马云周日在中国社交媒体新浪微博上说道。“如果不喜欢不热爱,上班每分钟都是折磨。”Ma's comments prompted criticism from Chinese social media users.马云的这番评论引来了中国网民的批评。

▲Jack Ma endorses China's controversial 12 hours a day, 6 days a week work culture (via CNN)

不仅仅是马云,身处裁员传闻的京东创始人刘强东也表达了他个人对加班文化的赞成态度。

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(Via 华尔街见闻)

Mr Liu, who started the company that would become JD.com in 1998, recently wrote about his attitude to work, saying he used to set his alarm to wake him up every two hours to make sure he could offer his customers a full, 24-hour, service.在1998年创立了京东公司的刘强东,最近写到他关于工作的态度时说,他曾经把他的闹钟设置为每两个小时响一次,把他叫醒 ,确保他能为客户提供24小时的服务。He wrote: "JD in the last four, five years has not made any eliminations, so the number of staff has expanded rapidly, the number of people giving orders has grown and grown, while those who are working have fallen.他写道:“京东在过去4、5年间没有淘汰过员工,因此员工数量迅速庞大起来,发布命令的人越来越多,而执行命令的人却在减少。"Instead, the number of slackers has rapidly grown! If this carries on, JD will have no hope! And the company will only be heartlessly kicked out of the market! Slackers are not my brothers!" “不过,懒惰的员工的数量在迅速增长!假如这种情况持续下去,京东就没有希望。公司也会被无情地踢出市场。懒惰的人不是我兄弟!”

▲Jack Ma defends the 'blessing' of a 12-hour working day (via BBC)

对于大佬们捍卫加班文化的态度,国外的网友是怎么看的呢?

在Reddit上,不少网友对马云的言论提出自己的看法。

@era--vulgaris

In other words, indentured servitude. Anything over 10 hours a day or 8 hours a day + a long commute, and you're effectively living at work. 换个说法,这就是契约奴役。任何每天10小时以上或每天8小时加长距离上下班的情况都意味着你生活在工作中。No free time except on the weekends, and even then you're spending one of those days off doing all the myriad work at home that you couldn't do during the week because you basically wake up, work, and go back to bed.除了周末,没有自由时间,即使那样,你还要在周末花一整天时间来做你工作日无法完成的堆积成山的工作,因为基本上你的工作日就是醒了就工作,一直做到睡觉。

@tw11n

12hr work day, sure, and 3 day workweeks. Otherwise, Jack Ma seems disoriented and might need help.工作日每天工作12小时,当然可以,但周末要休息3天。不然,马云就是病了,这病得治。

@EvilPhd666

This is how you burn people out.这就是他们把人累垮累病的方式。There are certain industries and job natures that can allow 12 hour days, but they are usually highly technical in nature, pay damn decent, and they rotate between 3 and 4 day work weeks. That means they respect time for rest and has a generous work/life balance.当然确实有些行业和工作的性质要求一天工作12小时,但它们通常是技术含量很高的工作,而且报酬也很不错,而且周末会轮流休息3、4天。那意味着公司尊重休息时间,也尊重工作和生活的平衡。Jack Ma is killing his workforce. I suppose no one ever gets that rich without gross exploitation.马云是在杀害他的员工。我猜想不靠严重的剥削,没有人能变得那么有钱。

此前Global Times视频小分队就针对“996”加班问题采访过来自不同国家的歪果仁,他们对加班表达了不同的态度,有人认可,有人反对。

日本也是加班文化盛行的国家。采访中有个日本受访者表示,在日本,加班是常态。

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▲“很多日本人要等老板回家才能下班,工作时间会是早上8:30到晚上11:00,赶最后一班地铁”

但在Japan Times对于马云的这番表态的报道下,有网友留言并不认可他的做法。

@Procyon

This is the best news since Jeff Bezos' divorce and here is how to become a billionaire: labor exploitation.这是继贝索斯离婚后最好的新闻,告诉你怎样成为亿万富翁:劳动剥削。

@Magus

Someone leading their own up start-up could work 72 hours a week, sure. 一个领导他自己创建的创业公司的人可以一周工作72小时,那是当然的。But an employee?但对于雇员?That's over 128 hours of overtime a month, much higher than the Japanese sky-high ceiling of 100 hours a month.那可是一个月加班超过128小时,比日本一个月加班100小时的天花板还要高得多。

不过,根据Asia Times的报道,马云曾在2017年的一次采访中,谈到他自己其实也为太努力工作而忽视对家庭的付出而后悔。

As for Ma himself, he told reporters in a 2017 interview that he regretted working so hard and being unable to devote enough time to his family. “If I could live again, I would absolutely not have a life like this,” he said.至于马云自己,他曾在2017年的采访中告诉记者,他后悔工作太努力,无法为他的家庭付出足够的时间。“假如我可以重新活一次,我一定不会再过这样的生活,”他说道。

▲Jack Ma backtracks on ‘996’ working hours (via Asia Times)

不过,高科技企业的加班文化也不是中国 特有的。特斯拉创始人埃隆·马斯克(Elon Musk)就曾坦言他曾一周工作达到120小时。

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(Via AP Images)

Long workdays in the high tech sector are not unique to China. Tesla co-founder Elon Musk has previously said he worked up to 120 hours per week when the electric vehicle maker struggled with production delays.高科技行业的加班现象并非中国特有。特斯拉联合创始人埃隆·马斯克此前曾说,在他的电动汽车公司因生产延误而挣扎的时候,他每周工作时间达到120小时。"There are way easier places to work, but nobody ever changed the world on 40 hours a week," he posted on social media site Twitter in November last year.“有许多工作轻松的地方,但没有人可以用每周工作40小来改变这个世界,”他去年11月在社交媒体推特上发帖说。

▲Jack Ma endorses China's controversial 12 hours a day, 6 days a week work culture (via CNN)


你怎么看公司的加班文化?你会为了提高自己而加班吗?欢迎留言并分享你的观点!

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